The published articles are meant to primarily educate the students in printing to supplement their knowledge in the field of Printing. These are not simple Glossary of printing terms, but to the extent possible every term has been explained in brief so that it can be of some use to the students who appear in some sort of examinations and interviews.
I served the Printing Industry for over 40 years
in various capacities, a major part in an Security Printing Organization. In order not to waste the printing and paper related knowledge which I gained over years, I decided to keep them in public domain for the reason stated in prepara. Most of the illustrations - over 90% - have been generated by me to explain the terms suitably.
While I am not sure to what extent the published content will help, if the content is going to be of use to some one in some manner, I will be greatly satisfied.
Your views may be sent to me (
nrj_1945@yahoo.com) for my record and correction wherever needed.

TOTAL NO OF PRINTING TERMS

POSTED TILL NOVEMBER, 2012

- Over 400 terms-

Click on this line to read from 'A'

Monday, January 21, 2013

How to cut down Organizational cost - 4

How to cut down 
Organizational cost- 4
 – A Case Study-

( Written by N.R. Jayaraman )


In some of the areas where the activities were transferred between two sets of Supervisors, the Supervisory level was pruned and activities brought under one Supervisor so that the transfer activities even if minimal were avoided. This was done where the Supervisors were retired or the posts fell vacant due to so many reasons. In order to ensure that there is no slackness in the activities, the Supervisor meant to take two sets of activities were moderately compensated in wages. This was done with an aim to close down some of the activities which was expected to become defunct in the next few years as the unit was under modernization and the staff will become excess when modernization takes place and they cannot be immediately retrenched. 



Other suggestions included 
in the study report were the following:

 Preventive and predictive Maintenance to reduce cost :
A periodical maintenance program was freshly introduced both for preventive and corrective maintenance thereby helping reduce the down time of the machineries and equipments. Since the Organization cannot afford to maintain a fleet of separate personnel for this purpose, an agency was given annual contract both for weekly maintenance and for urgent repairs. The Contract was so designed that two contract personnel will be posted in the factory everyday during factory working to attend to the repairs.
The contract amount though matched with the wages which otherwise would have been paid to normal worker had long term advantage. There will be no liability for the Management on annual increments, gratuity etc for the said group of workers whose work will be limited and except on weekly maintenance days, on many occasions there may not be work at all if the equipments and machineries functioned well.  Arranging the spare parts from local market was the responsibility of the contractor on cost basis, even though the essential minimum spare parts will be kept by the Organization which cannot be instantly procured.
Tool Standardization to reduce cost of handling. 

Analyze tools used  in manufacturing and determine the most  common  of existing tools. Entire Raw material purchased  be standardized to ensure that the quality does not vary  while manufacturing the goods.
Standardization of the processes deployed to ensure that there is no deviation  from  specified process which will result in absolute quality of the end product. 

Creation of a pool of workers  by identifying the  workforce capable of performing the allotted duties upon training.  When the pool of workforce is kept ready, you need not  fill   the vacancy in any department with personnel from outside and easily transfer suitable personnel from the pool  which will save the overall cost in wages. 
Outsourcing major consumable parts : Advised not to manufacture the standard parts in the factory. To the extent possible outsource those parts which are commonly used. This can be got done by even contracting the same to ancillary units to specified design. 
Continuous improvement in design elements : Effecting continuous improvement process for the ongoing major operations by studying the process and close  monitoring . A meeting be held every six months to review the process carried out.
Periodical analysis of the quality defects Frequent collection of quality defects and analyze the reasons to take corrective action.This will also be part of the six monthly discussion group.
Better inventory control : Quality and Quantity control on the stocking of material required in the factory. The technical specifications for goods and related services procured should not prescribe a particular product, brand or service provider, and should include a statement that specifications are not limited to any particular brand or manufacturer. This will give wider supplier audience and to frame up a long supply policy.
Simplifying the procurement action for better response from the supplier:  The normal  activities involved in a standard organization works out as shown below. However  the time factor in each activities should be kept to the minimum  to ensure smooth supply. 
END NOTE
The above study report was done on one of  a bigger Organization where more than 300 personnel were employed and regular production of the product was carried out.  However the name and place of the Organization has been withheld for obvious reasons
- Concluded - 

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